In 1913, the peak year of coal production, the Scottish mining industry employed over 140,000 men and women, who with their families, made up ten percent of the Scottish population. With such large numbers of people having been involved it is not surprising that the coal mining industry has left a significant mark on Scotland today. Throughout the twentieth century coalmining declined until, in 2002, with the closure of Castlebridge colliery, Scotland’s last deep mine shut. Throughout the coalfield areas of Scotland the infrastructure of mining has been almost entirely removed. Today there are many mining communities with nothing left in their immediate surroundings to remind them of their industrial heritage and these collections of coal mining material are, in many cases, all that remains of this proud industrial past.